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26/01/2006 | Pacific Lab develops anti-terror smorgasbord

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The Department of Energy’s Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) has developed several new counter-terrorism technology prototypes aimed at improving sensor systems as well as enhancing the ability of analysts to more rapidly process and make sense of data gathered by those systems.

 

Pacific Lab develops anti-terror smorgasbord“The challenge of countering terrorism forces you to deal with multiple threats and complex threats at the same time,” Douglas Lemon, leader of PNNL’s homeland security initiative, told a recent security conference in Washington, D.C. sponsored by the E-Gov Institute.
 
Because of the diverse agencies and jurisdictions involved, “it’s a very complex operational situation,” said Lemon.
 
However, to address the needs of the professionals engaged in the homeland security mission, PNNL has developed -- and is developing -- several new counter-terror tools at its Richland, WA facility. Lemon said scientists at PNNL, which is operated for the Department of Energy by Columbus, OH-based Batelle, Inc., are focused on improving the integration of sensor technology with sophisticated analytical tools.
 
Although many of the lab’s counter-terrorism tools are still being developed, the following are some of the promising and imaginative counter-terrorism technologies developed by the scientists at PNNL.
 
Vehicle Ontology Identification: This analytical software fuses large amounts of text and image data into a single analytical process for more rapid and efficient delivery of useful information. According to PNNL, for example, investigators could use the VOI program to locate a terrorist suspect’s moving vehicle in near-real-time. Combined with a variety of sensor systems, the VOI tool would permit an analyst to enter data pertaining to a suspected terrorist’s vehicle and obtain near-real-time location data on similar vehicles recorded by highway traffic cameras, security cameras on public buildings and license plate readers at toll booths and border crossings.
 
Content-Based Document Analysis: This PNNL prototype application aims to provide relief for counter-terrorism analysts who are facing an almost impossible daily flow of data through which they must comb for relevant and important pieces of information. To address this growing problem, PNNL has created an analytical software application that approaches document analysis much like the human brain. The CBDA tool scans large documents and organizes relevant information into concept-based clusters defined by the user. The application also summarizes key words and concepts found within scanned document sets to help analysts immediately identify potentially useful information. The CBDA tool helps analysts process large sets of documents more rapidly and extract relevant information more efficiently, according to PNNL.
 
Radiation Scenario Analysis: This simulation tool aims to improve the speed and accuracy of complex calculations used by analysts seeking to determine a radiation detector’s ability to detect various types of radioactive material in different settings and vehicles, and under various conditions. Such calculations can be used by homeland security officials to determine the proper configurations for detection technology at border crossings as well as to estimate the ability of such technology to detect fissile material being smuggled into the country in various forms of shielded containers and vehicles.
 
Immobilized Enzyme Detection System: This chemical-detection technology, also a Micro Channel Array Collector, provides rapid detection of nerve agents. Lemon describes this micro technology as a collection of carbon nanotubes atop a silicon substrate with acetyl cholinesterase enzymes growing at the end of the nanotubes. This “enzyme forest,” as he calls it, reacts with organophosphates (nerve agents), creating an electro-chemical reaction that sends an electrical charge down the carbon nanotubes to trigger the sensor. PNNL says the sensor technology can rapidly detect nerve agents at limits of less than 0.1 parts per billion.
 
Mozart: With more terrorist groups mining the Internet for information that could be used in an attack, government agencies and large corporations have sought to identify and remove from their public Web sites proprietary, sensitive or possibly classified data that could contribute to a terrorist attack. But with tens of thousands of digital files on an average Web site, the task of locating and cleansing the site of such sensitive information is extremely difficult and very time consuming, and often with no guarantee that all sensitive information will be located. PNNL’s Web site analysis tool, dubbed Mozart, quickly analyzes Web site content using both user-defined search terms and Mozart’s built-in library containing hundreds of key search terms designed to identify sensitive data. The analysis software generates a prioritized list of the site’s Web pages containing sensitive information as well as pages containing links to external Web sites containing similarly sensitive data.
 
Decontamination Fog: This decontamination technology would degrade dangerous substances encountered with chemical weapons agents. As the name implies, it would be delivered to a targeted “hot zone” through an aerosol dispersal system in the form of a fog or mist. PNNL scientists, who are still developing the technology, believe it would significantly lower the cost of cleaning up contaminated sites.
 
Nanomaterials for Radiation Concentration: PNNL has developed nanomaterials that can significantly enhance the performance of currently deployed radiation detection systems. The nanomaterials act like a sponge to soak up “signature materials” in a sample and concentrate them for better analysis and identification by detection systems. PNNL says this nanotechnology add-on can, in some cases, increase the performance of existing detectors by a million-fold.
 
Besides the usual PowerPoint slides that form the meat and potatoes of nearly every conference lecture, Lemon concluded his Washington talk with a rather unique presentation: A dramatic movie titled “Threat Alert 2005” and starring the scientists of the PNNL.
 
The movie, somewhat modeled after the popular television show “24,” takes the viewer through six working days of a fictional federal intelligence analysis center as the staff deploys various PNNL-developed technologies in an effort to detect and prevent an impending terrorist attack on the United States. Although probably not headed for an Academy Award nomination, the dramatization does a good job of illustrating some of the aforementioned (and other) counter-terrorism technologies that the lab is working on or has developed already.
 
To obtain a copy of the DVD, which also comes with brief vignettes detailing some of these technologies, e-mail Douglas Lemon, PNNL’s homeland security initiative leader at Doug.Lemon@pnl.gov.

Offnews.info (Argentina)

 



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18/11/2005|
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31/10/2005|
31/10/2005|
28/10/2005|
25/10/2005|
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30/03/2005|
27/03/2005|
27/03/2005|
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18/03/2005|
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28/02/2005|
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29/01/2005|
27/01/2005|
27/01/2005|
27/01/2005|
27/01/2005|
26/01/2005|
26/01/2005|
15/01/2005|
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12/01/2005|
12/01/2005|
09/01/2005|
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09/01/2005|
07/01/2005|
07/01/2005|
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04/01/2005|
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27/12/2004|
27/12/2004|
27/12/2004|
27/12/2004|
27/12/2004|
25/12/2004|
25/12/2004|
19/12/2004|
19/12/2004|
19/12/2004|
19/12/2004|
19/12/2004|
18/12/2004|
18/12/2004|
13/12/2004|
13/12/2004|
12/12/2004|
12/12/2004|
08/12/2004|
08/12/2004|
06/12/2004|
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02/12/2004|
02/12/2004|
29/11/2004|
28/11/2004|
28/11/2004|
28/11/2004|
28/11/2004|
28/11/2004|
19/11/2004|
19/11/2004|
18/11/2004|
18/11/2004|
12/10/2004|
10/10/2004|
10/10/2004|
03/10/2004|
24/08/2004|
24/08/2004|
14/08/2004|
14/08/2004|
26/04/2004|
26/04/2004|
11/04/2004|
11/04/2004|
04/02/2004|
04/02/2004|
10/12/2003|
10/12/2003|
05/11/2003|
05/11/2003|
10/10/2003|
06/10/2003|
01/08/2003|
01/08/2003|
28/07/2003|
28/07/2003|
28/07/2003|
28/07/2003|
23/07/2003|
09/07/2003|
24/06/2003|
24/06/2003|
18/06/2003|
18/06/2003|
03/06/2003|
01/06/2003|
17/03/2003|
17/03/2003|
22/02/2003|
22/02/2003|
23/01/2003|
23/01/2003|
15/01/2003|
01/01/2003|
01/01/2003|
01/01/2003|
01/01/2003|
01/08/2002|
01/08/2002|
01/08/2002|
01/08/2002|
19/07/2002|
19/07/2002|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House