Inteligencia y Seguridad Frente Externo En Profundidad Economia y Finanzas Transparencia
  En Parrilla Medio Ambiente Sociedad High Tech Contacto
Inteligencia y Seguridad  
 
15/03/2006 | Pakistan: Political Impact of the Earthquake

International Crisis Group Staff

Its response to the October 2005 earthquake calls into question the superior efficiency on which Pakistan’s military government bases its claim to power and its commitment to fighting jihadi extremism.

 

While it eventually provided important logistical help, the army’s inadequate initial response cost lives, and its domestic priorities translated into encouraging a major relief role for jihadi groups banned as terrorists.

Its attempt to maintain central control threatens to waste much international effort while increasing extremism and sectarianism in political life.

As reconstruction and rehabilitation of the devastated areas begins, donors should form partnerships with secular political parties and civil society and seek to persuade the Musharraf government to broaden its approach by allowing civilian oversight and transparency measures and preventing banned groups from gaining credibility through privileged positions.

OVERVIEW

The Pakistan government’s ill-planned and poorly executed emergency response to the October 2005 earthquake highlighted the inadequacies of authoritarian rule. As the government now embarks on three to four years of reconstruction and rehabilitation, the absence of civilian oversight and inadequate accountability and transparency could seriously undermine the process. Should jihadi groups that have been active in relief work remain as involved in reconstruction, threats to domestic and regional security will increase.

Although civil society volunteers and international organisations rushed into action just hours after the earthquake on 8 October, countless lives were lost because of the military’s ineffective response. The army’s incapacity reflected its institutional shortcomings and neglect of the civilian infrastructure needed to manage responses to natural disasters. While civilian authorities and institutions usually undertake humanitarian relief, the military has, even after the initial emergency phase, excluded elected bodies, civil society organisations and communities and sidelined civil administration from the effort, as well as its reconstruction and rehabilitation plans.

By accepting a major role for banned jihadi groups in humanitarian relief efforts, the government’s policies are helping Islamist radicals to bolster their presence in the earthquake-affected areas of the North West Frontier Province (NWFP) and Pakistan-administered Kashmir. The willingness of donors to accept military directives and priorities, willingly or reluctantly, has also inadvertently empowered extremists and, if extended to the reconstruction phase, could further undermine the prospects of democratisation in Pakistan and Pakistan-administered Kashmir.

Natural disasters sometimes create the political conditions for peacemaking. While the October earthquake led to some minor confidence-building measures, it did not dissipate India and Pakistan’s mutual mistrust. This was to be expected since banned jihadi groups such as the Laskhar-e-Tayyaba (LeT) and Jaishe Mohammed are operating under new names or through front organisations in relief efforts, thus providing ample evidence that their infrastructure remains intact. To rebuild trust, the Pakistan government must disband the networks of these and all other banned organisations.

While an effective relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation process requires broader involvement of the civil administration and community-based and national-level Pakistani non-governmental organisations (NGOs), it appears that the military intends to retain its central role. The international community would be wise to use its massive reconstruction pledges also to counter jihadi influence, support Pakistan’s democratic transition and promote regional peace. To ensure transparency, accountability and effective utilisation of assistance, international humanitarian organisations should shift their approach from an embedded relationship with the military to an effective partnership with elected officials and credible and moderate civil society organisations.

In preparing rehabilitation and reconstruction plans, international actors and the Pakistan government should:

  • work with secular humanitarian partners in Pakistan’s NGO sector that have a proven track record;
  • develop mechanisms to provide local communities with a role in decision-making on relief, reconstruction and rehabilitation;
  • empower elected officials and institutions by ensuring their participation in the process and build civilian disaster response capacities;
  • major donors and UN agencies should create and work through an independent mechanism to ensure aid accountability and transparency;
  • UN missions in Pakistan and international NGOs (INGOs) ought independently to assess the government’s reconstruction priorities, identify appropriate strategies and targets and exercise oversight over crucial areas such as shelter and reconstruction of the educational sector; and
  • the Pakistan government should exclude jihadi groups banned under the Anti-Terrorism Law, including those operating under changed names, from participating in earthquake work and dismantle their infrastructure.

International Crisis Group (Organismo Internacional)

 

  Downloads
Download Full Document - PDF


Otras Notas del Autor
fecha
Título
18/09/2019|
30/11/2017|
02/03/2017|
13/01/2017|
05/11/2016|
04/10/2016|
02/05/2016|
30/03/2016|
20/03/2016|
19/03/2016|
17/03/2016|
19/02/2016|
16/10/2015|
16/10/2015|
13/10/2015|
04/10/2015|
29/09/2015|
29/09/2015|
25/09/2015|
25/09/2015|
05/09/2015|
05/09/2015|
05/09/2015|
05/09/2015|
05/09/2015|
01/08/2015|
01/08/2015|
27/07/2015|
16/07/2015|
25/06/2015|
04/06/2015|
11/05/2015|
07/05/2015|
28/04/2015|
18/04/2015|
17/04/2015|
08/04/2015|
05/04/2015|
05/04/2015|
05/04/2015|
31/03/2015|
31/03/2015|
22/03/2015|
16/03/2015|
16/03/2015|
16/03/2015|
28/02/2015|
10/02/2015|
03/02/2015|
30/01/2015|
28/01/2015|
20/01/2015|
07/01/2015|
23/12/2014|
22/12/2014|
20/12/2014|
18/12/2014|
16/12/2014|
16/12/2014|
10/12/2014|
05/12/2014|
02/12/2014|
09/11/2014|
03/11/2014|
30/10/2014|
30/10/2014|
22/10/2014|
22/10/2014|
18/10/2014|
13/10/2014|
02/10/2014|
01/10/2014|
23/09/2014|
11/09/2014|
09/09/2014|
08/09/2014|
05/09/2014|
21/08/2014|
15/08/2014|
05/08/2014|
03/08/2014|
25/07/2014|
10/07/2014|
21/06/2014|
21/06/2014|
13/06/2014|
22/05/2014|
15/05/2014|
13/05/2014|
29/04/2014|
22/04/2014|
08/04/2014|
08/04/2014|
08/04/2014|
08/04/2014|
03/04/2014|
17/02/2014|
27/01/2014|
23/01/2014|
13/01/2014|
05/01/2014|
26/12/2013|
06/11/2013|
18/10/2013|
17/10/2013|
08/10/2013|
05/10/2013|
01/10/2013|
22/09/2013|
06/09/2013|
03/09/2013|
02/09/2013|
09/08/2013|
09/08/2013|
31/07/2013|
31/07/2013|
28/07/2013|
27/06/2013|
26/06/2013|
22/06/2013|
19/06/2013|
14/06/2013|
05/06/2013|
29/05/2013|
29/05/2013|
21/05/2013|
16/05/2013|
14/05/2013|
13/05/2013|
08/05/2013|
07/05/2013|
06/05/2013|
02/05/2013|
30/04/2013|
27/04/2013|
17/04/2013|
12/04/2013|
11/04/2013|
08/04/2013|
04/04/2013|
02/04/2013|
01/04/2013|
19/03/2013|
13/03/2013|
07/03/2013|
04/03/2013|
04/03/2013|
01/03/2013|
26/02/2013|
20/02/2013|
19/02/2013|
19/02/2013|
18/02/2013|
15/02/2013|
06/02/2013|
04/02/2013|
03/02/2013|
22/01/2013|
18/01/2013|
15/01/2013|
02/01/2013|
02/01/2013|
18/12/2012|
12/12/2012|
05/12/2012|
03/12/2012|
28/11/2012|
28/11/2012|
26/11/2012|
24/11/2012|
22/11/2012|
21/11/2012|
21/11/2012|
12/11/2012|
01/11/2012|
25/10/2012|
19/10/2012|
19/10/2012|
10/09/2012|
06/09/2012|
27/08/2012|
22/08/2012|
22/08/2012|
17/08/2012|
16/08/2012|
14/08/2012|
09/08/2012|
07/08/2012|
03/08/2012|
01/08/2012|
01/08/2012|
01/08/2012|
01/08/2012|
28/07/2012|
28/07/2012|
28/07/2012|
28/07/2012|
27/07/2012|
27/07/2012|
27/07/2012|
27/07/2012|
24/07/2012|
24/07/2012|
24/07/2012|
18/07/2012|
16/07/2012|
13/07/2012|
05/07/2012|
05/07/2012|
05/07/2012|
05/07/2012|
28/06/2012|
26/06/2012|
25/06/2012|
12/06/2012|
12/06/2012|
11/06/2012|
07/06/2012|
19/05/2012|
19/05/2012|
16/05/2012|
10/05/2012|
07/05/2012|
04/05/2012|
02/05/2012|
27/04/2012|
24/04/2012|
23/04/2012|
16/04/2012|
11/04/2012|
06/04/2012|
05/04/2012|
02/04/2012|
01/04/2012|
30/03/2012|
27/03/2012|
21/03/2012|
21/03/2012|
17/03/2012|
17/03/2012|
15/03/2012|
15/03/2012|
06/03/2012|
06/03/2012|
04/03/2012|
04/03/2012|
29/02/2012|
29/02/2012|
29/02/2012|
24/02/2012|
24/02/2012|
24/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
23/02/2012|
17/02/2012|
16/02/2012|
03/11/2011|
02/11/2011|
12/10/2011|
11/10/2011|
04/10/2011|
27/09/2011|
27/09/2011|
24/09/2011|
23/09/2011|
15/09/2011|
14/09/2011|
12/09/2011|
09/09/2011|
09/09/2011|
06/09/2011|
06/09/2011|
23/08/2011|
23/08/2011|
23/08/2011|
23/08/2011|
23/08/2011|
23/08/2011|
22/08/2011|
22/08/2011|
14/08/2011|
08/08/2011|
05/08/2011|
05/08/2011|
04/08/2011|
04/08/2011|
29/07/2011|
27/07/2011|
23/07/2011|
22/07/2011|
17/07/2011|
17/07/2011|
07/07/2011|
07/07/2011|
03/07/2011|
03/07/2011|
28/06/2011|
28/06/2011|
16/06/2011|
16/06/2011|
16/06/2011|
16/06/2011|
07/06/2011|
07/06/2011|
31/05/2011|
31/05/2011|
28/05/2011|
28/05/2011|
25/05/2011|
24/05/2011|
24/05/2011|
07/05/2011|
07/05/2011|
06/05/2011|
06/05/2011|
05/05/2011|
05/05/2011|
03/05/2011|
03/05/2011|
02/05/2011|
02/05/2011|
01/05/2011|
01/05/2011|
01/05/2011|
01/05/2011|
22/04/2011|
22/04/2011|
18/04/2011|
18/04/2011|
10/04/2011|
07/04/2011|
07/04/2011|
25/03/2011|
25/03/2011|
25/03/2011|
17/03/2011|
11/03/2011|
22/02/2011|
22/02/2011|
15/02/2011|
15/02/2011|
08/02/2011|
04/02/2011|
04/02/2011|
28/01/2011|
19/01/2011|
13/01/2011|
01/01/2011|
31/12/2010|
23/12/2010|
05/12/2010|
02/12/2010|
28/11/2010|
27/11/2010|
26/11/2010|
22/11/2010|
22/11/2010|
22/11/2010|
18/11/2010|
01/11/2010|
26/08/2010|
26/08/2010|
24/08/2010|
24/08/2010|
06/08/2010|
28/06/2010|
18/06/2010|
16/06/2010|
11/06/2010|
19/05/2010|
02/05/2010|
02/05/2010|
25/04/2010|
04/04/2010|
11/03/2010|
02/03/2010|
18/02/2010|
20/11/2009|
20/11/2009|
06/11/2009|
01/11/2009|
27/10/2009|
22/10/2009|
05/09/2009|
31/08/2009|
27/08/2009|
15/08/2009|
02/08/2009|
02/08/2009|
20/07/2009|
20/07/2009|
18/07/2009|
18/07/2009|
11/03/2009|
11/03/2009|
10/03/2009|
10/03/2009|
10/03/2009|
10/03/2009|
17/12/2008|
14/12/2008|
02/10/2008|
02/10/2008|
24/08/2008|
24/08/2008|
08/08/2008|
08/08/2008|
14/05/2008|
02/04/2008|
02/04/2008|
12/01/2008|
19/05/2007|
19/05/2007|
10/05/2007|
10/05/2007|
03/05/2007|
03/05/2007|
30/04/2007|
30/04/2007|
02/04/2007|
01/04/2007|
29/03/2007|
16/03/2007|
16/03/2007|
05/03/2007|
05/03/2007|
28/02/2007|
26/02/2007|
26/02/2007|
26/01/2007|
26/01/2007|
08/01/2007|
08/01/2007|
15/12/2006|
15/12/2006|
11/12/2006|
11/12/2006|
11/12/2006|
11/12/2006|
28/11/2006|
28/11/2006|
24/11/2006|
24/11/2006|
11/11/2006|
08/11/2006|
01/11/2006|
01/11/2006|
30/10/2006|
25/10/2006|
20/10/2006|
11/10/2006|
04/10/2006|
15/09/2006|
13/09/2006|
03/09/2006|
17/08/2006|
17/08/2006|
09/08/2006|
26/07/2006|
13/06/2006|
06/06/2006|
01/06/2006|
30/05/2006|
15/05/2006|
12/05/2006|
12/05/2006|
10/05/2006|
02/05/2006|
25/04/2006|
21/04/2006|
21/04/2006|
10/04/2006|
23/03/2006|
20/03/2006|
17/03/2006|
15/03/2006|
15/03/2006|
15/03/2006|
27/02/2006|
23/02/2006|
17/02/2006|
15/02/2006|
15/02/2006|
04/02/2006|
04/02/2006|
18/07/2005|
03/07/2005|
30/06/2005|
28/06/2005|
28/06/2005|
28/06/2005|
19/04/2005|
19/04/2005|

ver + notas
 
Center for the Study of the Presidency
Freedom House