The U.S. ambassador to Libya and three embassy staff were killed as they rushed away from a consulate building in Benghazi, stormed by al Qaeda-linked gunmen blaming America for a film that they said insulted the Prophet Mohammad.
Gunmen had attacked and set fire to the U.S. consulate in
the eastern city of Benghazi, the cradle of last year's uprising against
Muammar Gaddafi's 42-year rule, late on Tuesday evening as another assault was
mounted on the U.S. embassy in Cairo.
The California-born ambassador, Christopher Stevens, was
trying to leave the consulate building for a safer location as part of an
evacuation when gunmen launched an intense attack, apparently forcing security
personnel to withdraw.
"The American ambassador and three staff members
were killed when gunmen fired rockets in their direction," a Libyan
official in Benghazi told Reuters. Airport sources said the bodies were due to
be flown from Benghazi to Tripoli.
The attack was believed to have been carried out by Ansar
al-Sharia, an al Qaeda-style Sunni Islamist group that has been active in
Benghazi, a Libyan security official said. Witnesses said the mob also included
tribesmen, militia and other gunmen.
The attack raised questions about the future U.S.
diplomatic presence in Libya, relations between Washington and Tripoli, the
unstable security situation in post-Gaddafi Libya and whether more protests
might take place in the Muslim world.
The film portrayed Mohammad as a fool, a philanderer and
a religious fake. In one clip posted on YouTube, Mohammad was shown in an
apparent sexual act with a woman. For many Muslims it is blasphemous even to
show a depiction of the Prophet.
U.S. President Barack Obama, whose administration
supported the Libyan insurgency with funds, weapons and training, branded the
killing an "outrageous attack" and ordered increased security at U.S.
diplomatic posts worldwide.
KARZAI CONDEMNS "DEVILISH ACT"
A Danish newspaper caused a storm of protest across
Islamic nations in 2005 by printing cartoons lampooning Islam and the Prophet
Mohammad in 2005, the most famous depicted him wearing a bomb in his turban.
The images touched off riots in the Middle East, Africa and Asia in 2006 in
which at least 50 people died.
Afghan President Hamid Karzai sharply condemned the film
in a statement, calling its making a "devilish act", saying he was
certain those involved in its production represented a very small minority.
U.S. ambassadors in such volatile countries as Libya are
accompanied by tight security, usually travelling in well-protected convoys.
Diplomatic missions are usually protected by marines or other special forces.
Stevens grew up in California, graduated from Berkeley
and worked in North Africa as a Peace Corps volunteer. He taught English in
Morocco before joining the foreign service where he worked in the Middle East
and North Africa.
Libya's interim government has struggled to impose its
authority on a myriad of armed groups that refused to lay down their weapons
and often take the law into their own hands.
Security experts say the area around Benghazi is host to
a number of Islamist militant groups who oppose any Western presence in Muslim
The worst-case scenario for Western governments is that a
spate of recent attacks could be the start of an Iraq-style insurgency by
Islamist militants. That could have an impact on oil exports as the energy
sector depends on foreign workers.
However, security analysts say an insurgency is unlikely
to gain the kind of traction it had in Iraq, mainly because Western states have
no military presence on the ground in Libya.
Libyan Deputy Prime Minister Mustafa Abu Shagour
condemned the killing of the U.S. diplomats as a cowardly act.
The consular officials were killed after heavy clashes
between Libyan security forces and Islamist militants around the consulate
building. Looters raided the empty compound and some onlookers took pictures
after calm returned.
"The Libyan security forces came under heavy fire
and we were not prepared for the intensity of the attack," said
Abdel-Monem Al-Hurr, spokesman for Libya's Supreme Security Committee.
U.S. pastor Terry Jones, who had inflamed anger in the
Muslim world in 2010 with plans to burn the Koran, said he had promoted
"Innocence of Muslims", which U.S. media said was produced by an
Israeli-American property developer.
Jones, a pastor in Florida whose latest stunt fell on the
anniversary of the September 11, 2001, attacks on the World Trade Center and
the Pentagon, triggered riots in Afghanistan in 2010 with his threat
to burn the Koran.
Many Muslims consider any depiction of the Prophet as
offensive and any depiction of him can cause furious protests in the Islamic
world as well as among Muslims in Europe.
CHARRED WALLS, FIRE BURNS
On Wednesday morning, the compound in Benghazi stood
empty, with passers-by freely walking in to take a look at the damage.
Walls were charred and a small fire burned inside one of
the buildings. A small group of men was trying to extinguish the flames and
three security men briefly surveyed the scene.
A Reuters reporter saw chairs, table and food lying
alongside empty shells. Some blood stains could also be seen in front of one of
the buildings. Three cars were burnt out.
In neighboring Egypt, demonstrators had torn down an
American flag and burned it during a protest against the film. Some tried to
raise a black flag with the words "There is no God but God, and Mohammad
is his messenger".
The crowd of around 2,000 protesters in Cairo protesting
against the film was a mixture of Islamists and teenage soccer fans known for
fighting police and who played a part in the revolt that toppled Egypt's leader
Hosni Mubarak last year.
Egypt's Coptic Orthodox Church condemned in a statement
some Copts living abroad who it said financed "the production of a film
insulting the Prophet Mohammad", an Egyptian state website said. About a
10th of Egypt's 83 million people are Christian.
The fortress-like U.S. mission in Cairo is near Tahrir
Square, where Egypt's uprising began and the scene of many protests since.
Youths danced and chanted football songs. A Reuters reporter said they appeared
to climb into the embassy compound almost as an afterthought.
"We sacrificed dozens and hundreds during the
uprising for our dignity. The Prophet's dignity is more important to us and we
are ready to sacrifice millions," said mosque preacher Mohamed Abu Gabal
who joined the protest.
*Additional reporting by Samia Nakhoul in Beirut,
Marie-Louise Gumuchian in Tripoli,Hadeel Al Shalchi in Tripoli, Sarah N. Lynch
and Arshad Mohammed in Washington, and Reuters reporters in Cairo and Benghazi;
Writing by Peter Millership and Ralph Boulton, editing by